Common Types of Reading Problems and How to Help Children Who Have Them
Reading problems can present themselves in a variety of ways and can affect a child from very early on in their development. In this article, we’re going to take a look at some of the most common types of reading problems and how to help children who experience them.
Graphic Processing Disorder (GPD)
GPD is a condition that affects the way a person processes visual information. This means that they have difficulty reading text that is packed with graphics and images.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to managing GPD, but one key tactic that can be helpful is to provide the child with a lot of text-only materials. This way, they can focus on decoding the information without the interference of visuals.
Another key strategy is to provide breaks for the child during reading. This allows them to take a breather and re-orient themselves, which can help them to stay focused.
Dyslexia is a reading disorder that affects how a person reads text. Dyslexia can affect any area of a person’s reading skills, from phonemic awareness to decoding skills.
One of the main strategies that can be helpful for dyslexia is to use a multisensory approach. This means that the child is presented with different types of information, both visually and aurally, to help them to better process the information.
Another key strategy is to provide the child with individualized instruction. This means that the teacher ensures that each child is receiving the instruction that is best suited for them.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a condition that affects a person’s ability to focus and stay organized. This can make it difficult for them to read and follow directions.
One of the main strategies that can be helpful for ADHD is to provide the child with a lot of practice. This way, they can gradually increase their skills and confidence when it comes to reading.
Another key strategy is to provide the child with a lot of support. This means that the child has someone to lean on and talk to when things get tough.
If you are a parent or caretaker of a child who struggles to read, don’t hesitate to reach out for help. There are a variety of strategies that can be helpful in helping the child to improve their reading skills.